Alpert, William T., Kenneth A. Couch, and Oskar R. Harmon. 2016. “A Randomized Assessment of Online Learning.” American Economic Review 106, no. 5 (May): 378–82.
Bowen, William G., Matthew M. Chingos, Kelly A. Lack, and Thomas I. Nygren. 2014. “Interactive Learning Online at Public Universities: Evidence from a Six-Campus Randomized Trial.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 33, no. 1 (Winter): 94–111.
Figlio, David, Mark Rush, and Lu Yin. 2013. “Is It Live or Is It Internet? Experimental Estimates of the Effects of Online Instruction on Student Learning.” Journal of Labor Economics 31, no. 4 (October): 763–84.
Johnson, Hans, and Marisol Cuellar Mejia. 2014. Online Learning and Student Outcomes in California’s Community Colleges. With research support from Kevin Cook. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California.
McPherson, Tara. “Why is the Digital Humanities So White?, or, Thinking the Histories of Race and Computation.” Debates in the Digital Humanities, edited by Matthew K. Gold, University of Minnesota Press, 2012, pp. 138–60.
National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). “Number and percentage of students enrolled in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by distance education participation, location of student, level of enrollment, and control and level of institution: Fall 2019 and fall 2020.”
Xu, Di, and Shanna Smith Jaggars. 2011. “The Effectiveness of Distance Education Across Virginia’s Community Colleges: Evidence from Introductory College-Level Math and English Courses.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 33 (3): 360–77.